Diyya – is financial compensation paid to the heirs of a victim. In Arabic, the word means both blood money and ransom. In Islamic and Arab traditions, blood money is the fine paid by the killer or his family to the family or of the victim. The Qur’an specifies the principle of Qisas (i.e. retaliation), but prescribes that one should seek compensation (Diyya) and not demand retribution.
It is unlawful for a believer to kill a believer except if it happens by accident (implied message – non-muslims are fair game) And he who kills a believer accidentally must pay Diyyat to the heirs of the victim except if they forgive him. Countries whose law follows the Shari’a, including Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan, also enacted laws for Qisas and Diyat.
In Saudi Arabia, when a person has been killed or caused to die by another, the prescribed blood money rates are as follows:
- 100,000 riyals if the victim is a Muslim man
- 50,000 riyals if a Muslim woman
- 50,000 riyals if a Christian or Jewish man
- 25,000 riyals if a Christian or Jewish woman
- 6,666 riyals if a man of any other religion (Hindus/Buddhist/Taoist/Jains/Pagans/etc)
- 3,333 riyals if a woman of any other religion (Hindus/Buddhist/Taoist/Jains/Pagans/etc)
In Iran, members of the Bahá’í Faith are excluded from the provisions of the equalization legislation and as such no blood money is payable to families of Baha’is who are murdered. According to law, Baha’i blood is considered Mobah, meaning it can be spilled with impunity.” (Genocide sanctioned by Iranian Islamic Law)